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AWESOME WORLD OF INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING (IPO)

MoneyMindz.com India's First Free Online Financial Advisors Initial Public offering (IPO)
MoneyMindz.com India’s First Free Online Financial Advisors

Process of offering the shares/stocks to the people of India is     known as IPO. A unique situation, in which owner of a firm, will offer the ownership to its shareholders.

Who Can Offer The IPO:

Any company cannot offer the IPO. Only some companies in India are following the requirements as per SEBI (Securities And Exchange Board Of India) and companies act can issue the IPO. Some of the conditions are as follows:

  • Good track record of the distributable profits for three years.
  • Company is having a net-worth of approx 1 Crores in the last 3 years.
  • Company and its associate must clear The SEBI guidelines.
  • You must have distributable profit for at-least three years.
  • Net tangible assets must be INR 3 Crores for the next three years
  • You must obtain grading of the IPO from one or more credit rating agencies.
  • Make sure that the paid up equity shares of the companies has been full paid.
  • Company must have a website
  • Post paid up capital of the firm must be at least INR 5 Crores.

Advantages of IPO in India:

Some of the advantages of the IPO in India are given below as follows:

  • Access to the evergreen capital markets in India.
  • Helps the small business founders and capitalists with the chance to take out early investment.
  • Helps the business house to have good public awareness.
  • Company gets recognized and can go for mergers and new acquisitions.
  • Encourages company to be transparent on various issues, by showing all information in the newspapers across India.
  • Helps the company, big/small to have good relationship with customers, suppliers and lenders, to enhance the credibility.
  • Assists companies to have very good/energetic incentive packages for the employees and the management.
  • Public can assess the growth and development of the individual.

DISADVANTAGES OF GOING PUBLIC WITH THE IPO (INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING)
Some of the negative points, relating to the IPO are mentioned below as follows:

  • Launching an IPO is said to be very expensive.
  • Company will lose all critical information and hence lose control over its resources.
  • Working style of the firm and business tactics will come to the fore.
  • Shareholders will ask for a major share in the company business. Refusing to do it lead to takeovers.
  • The Company loses its flexibility and management will become weak.
  • Marketing strategy and cost will be very heavy on small and average enterprises.

How Initial Public Offering (IPO)Works:

IPO is a very challenging process and procedure is mentioned below as follow:

  • Companies hire an investment bank to do underwriting, a way of raising money, using debt or equity.
  • Underwriters acts as mediators between the public and companies.
  • Company and Investment bank will negotiate regarding security issues and other management related issues.
  • After finalizing the deal, investment bank set up registration statement, submitting the details to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
  • Registration details consist of company details like core policies, management, financial statements, vision, mission, core issues.
  • Securities and Exchange Commission takes some time to study documents and examine all the documents.
  • After the approval, a date is finalized in which, company will offer the stock to the public.
  • People get appointed like the underwriters, who get commission of 2.5% on underwritten amount.
  • Registers process the application form calculate amount and initiate allotment process.
  • An experienced member of the Stock Exchange is appointed as brokers for marketing purpose. They receive max brokerage charge of 1.5%.
  • Company appoint lawyers to make sure all regulations are complied with.
  • A draft prospectus is created giving info about the company, founders, partners, terms and conditions, modes of financing, profit and loss statements and others.
  • Senior Manager verifies claims and details are filed with SEBI.
  • Prospectus along with the copies of the agreement entered into with underwriter, lawyer, managers, registrars and brokers is filed with the register of companies, where the firm is located.
  • Application form and prospectus are circulated to CEO, MD, Board of Directors, Bankers, Underwriters, and Brokers as well.

Companies in India, big or small, would like to go in for the Initial Public Offering (IPO).

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